The modern library collection is generally made up of a variety of different formats: microfiche and film, paper of various types, leather and cloth bindings, computer disks, photographs, works of art, and so on. Each of these formats requires different treatment in the event of a disaster, and the treatments vary depending on the type of disaster. If the items are to be saved, the salvage team must be prepared to handle all of the formats in the collection in their varied ways. Despite the speed with which new formats are being developed and introduced in to libraries, the most prevalent building block of libraries is still printed paper in the form of a book. In the following pages, I will discuss some of the issues that must be considered and steps that must be taken to prevent further damage and loss to a library collection immediately following a flood or other water damage. This paper will be based primarily on the 1993 unpublished revisions to Peter Waters 1979 Procedures for Salvage of Water-Damaged Library Materials. Examples will be drawn from libraries that have faced various degrees of water-damage, to show how his ideas have been put in to practice, and what other methods have been used, with varying degrees of success.